Backgrounds and pulse shape discrimination in the ArDM liquid argon TPC [CL]

The ArDM experiment completed a single-phase commissioning run in 2015 with an active liquid argon target of nearly one tonne in mass. The analysis of the data and comparison to simulations allowed for a test of the crucial detector properties and confirmed the low background performance of the setup. The statistical rejection power for electron recoil events using the pulse shape discrimination method was estimated using data from a Cf-252 neutron calibration source. Electron and nuclear recoil band profiles were found to be well described by Gaussian distributions. Employing such a model we derive values for the electron recoil statistical rejection power of more than 10$^8$ in the tonne-scale liquid argon target for events with more than 50 detected photons at a 50% acceptance for nuclear recoils. The Rn-222 emanation rate of the ArDM cryostat at room temperature was found to be 65.6$\pm$0.4 $\mu$Hz/l, and the Ar-39 specific activity from the employed atmospheric argon to be 0.95$\pm$0.05 Bq/kg. The cosmic muon flux at the Canfranc underground site was determined to be between 2 and 3.5$\times 10^{-3}m^{2}s^{-1}$ . These results pave the way for the next physics run of ArDM in the double-phase operational mode.

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ArDM. Collaboration, J. Calvo, C. Cantini, et. al.
Thu, 7 Dec 17

Comments: 17 pages, 10 figures