Relieving the Tension between Weak Lensing and Cosmic Microwave Background with Interacting Dark Matter and Dark Energy Models [CEA]

We constrain interacting dark matter and dark energy (IDMDE) models using a 450-degree-square cosmic shear data from the Kilo Degree Survey (KiDS) and the angular power spectra from Planck’s latest cosmic microwave background measurements. We revisit the discordance problem in the standard Lambda cold dark matter ($\Lambda$CDM) model between weak lensing and Planck datasets and extend the discussion by introducing interacting dark sectors. The IDMDE models are found to be able to alleviate the discordance between KiDS and Planck as previously inferred from the $\Lambda$CDM model, and moderately favored by a combination of the two datasets.

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R. An, C. Feng and B. Wang
Tue, 21 Nov 17

Comments: 11 pages, 5 figures

Covariance of the galaxy angular power spectrum with the halo model [CEA]

As the determination of density fluctuations becomes more precise with larger surveys, it becomes more important to account for the increased covariance due to the non-linearity of the field. Here I focus on the galaxy density, with analytical prediction of the non-Gaussianity using the halo model coupled with standard perturbation theory. I carry out an exact and exhaustive derivation of all tree-level terms of the non-Gaussian covariance of the galaxy $C_\ell$, with the computation developed up to third order in perturbation theory and local halo bias, including the non-local tidal tensor effect. A diagrammatic method is used to derive the involved galaxy 3D trispectra, including shot-noise contributions. The projection to the angular covariance is derived in all trispectra cases with and without Limber’s approximation, with the formulae being of potential interest for other observables than galaxies. The effect of substracting shot-noise from the measured spectrum is also discussed, and does simplify the covariance, though some non-Gaussian shot-noise terms still remain. I make the link between this complete derivation and partial terms which have been used previously in the literature, including super-sample covariance (SSC). I uncover a wealth of additional terms which were not previously considered, include a whole new class which I dub braiding terms as it contains multipole-mixing kernels. The importance of all these new terms is discussed with analytical arguments. I find that they can become comparable to, if not bigger than, SSC if the survey is large or deep enough to probe scales comparable with the matter-radiation equality $k_\mathrm{eq}$. A short self-contained summary of the equations is provided in Section 9 for the busy reader, ready to be implemented numerically for analysis of current and future galaxy surveys.

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F. Lacasa
Tue, 21 Nov 17

Comments: 18+17 pages, 3+4 figures

Interacting dark energy in the dark $SU(2)_R$ model [CEA]

We explore the cosmological implications of the interactions among the dark particles in the dark $SU(2)_R$ model. It turns out that the relevant interaction is between dark energy and dark matter, through a decay process. With respect to the standard $\Lambda$CDM model, it changes only the background equations. We note that the observational aspects of the model are dominated by degeneracies between the parameters that describe the process. Thus, only the usual $\Lambda$CDM parameters, such as the Hubble expansion rate and the dark energy density parameter (interpreted as the combination of the densities of the dark energy doublet) could be constrained by observations at this moment.

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R. Landim, R. Marcondes, F. Bernardi, et. al.
Tue, 21 Nov 17

Comments: 7 pages, 1 figure

Tidal shear and the consistency of microscopic Lagrangian halo approaches [CEA]

We delineate the conditions under which the consistency relation for the non-Gaussian bias and the universality of the halo mass function hold in the context of microscopic Lagrangian descriptions of halos. The former is valid provided that the collapse barrier depends only on the physical fields (instead of fields normalized by their variance for example) and explicitly includes the effect of {\it all} physical fields such as the tidal shear. The latter holds provided that the response of the halo number density to a long-wavelength density fluctuation is equivalent to the response induced by shifting the spherical collapse threshold. Our results apply to any Lagrangian halo bias prescription. Effective “moving” barriers, which are ubiquitous in the literature, do not generally satisfy the consistency relation. Microscopic barriers including the tidal shear lead to two additional, second-order Lagrangian bias parameters which ensure that the consistency relation is satisfied. We provide analytic expressions for them.

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V. Desjacques, D. Jeong and F. Schmidt
Tue, 21 Nov 17

Comments: 20 pages, no figure. JCAP format

Theoretical and observational constraints on Tachyon Inflation [CEA]

We constrain several models in Tachyonic Inflation derived from the large-$N$ formalism by considering theoretical aspects as well as the latest observational data. On the theoretical side, we assess the field range of our models by means of the excursion of the equivalent canonical field. On the observational side, we employ BK14+PLANCK+BAO data to perform a parameter estimation analysis as well as a Bayesian model selection to distinguish the most favoured models among all four classes here presented. We observe that the original potential $V \propto \textrm{sech}(T)$ is strongly disfavoured by observations with respect to a reference model with flat priors on inflationary observables. This realisation of Tachyon inflation also presents a large field range which may demand further quantum corrections. We also provide examples of potentials derived from the polynomial and the perturbative classes which are both statistically favoured and theoretically acceptable.

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N. Barbosa-Cendejas, J. De-Santiago, G. German, et. al.
Tue, 21 Nov 17

Comments: 15 pages, 3 tables, 2 figures

A novel way to determine the scale of inflation [CEA]

We show that in the Feebly Interacting Massive Particle (FIMP) model of Dark Matter (DM), one may express the inflationary energy scale $H_$ as a function of three otherwise unrelated quantities, the DM isocurvature perturbation amplitude, its mass and its self-coupling constant, independently of the tensor-to-scalar ratio. The FIMP model assumes that there exists a real scalar particle that alone constitutes the DM content of the Universe and couples to the Standard Model via a Higgs portal. We consider carefully the various astrophysical, cosmological and model constraints, accounting also for variations in inflationary dynamics and the reheating history, to derive a robust estimate for $H_$ that is confined to a relatively narrow range. We point out that, within the context of the FIMP DM model, one may thus determine $H_*$ reliably even in the absence of observable tensor perturbations.

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K. Enqvist, R. Hardwick, T. Tenkanen, et. al.
Tue, 21 Nov 17

Comments: 25 pages, 11 figures

NIKA2: a mm camera for cluster cosmology [CEA]

Galaxy clusters constitute a major cosmological probe. However, Planck 2015 results have shown a weak tension between CMB-derived and cluster-derived cosmological parameters. This tension might be due to poor knowledge of the cluster mass and observable relationship.
As for now, arcmin resolution Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) observations ({\it e.g.} SPT, ACT and Planck) only allowed detailed studies of the intra cluster medium for low redshift clusters ($z<0.2$). For high redshift clusters ($z>0.5$) high resolution and high sensitivity SZ observations are needed. With both a wide field of view (6.5 arcmin) and a high angular resolution (17.7 and 11.2 arcsec at 150 and 260 GHz), the NIKA2 camera installed at the IRAM 30-m telescope (Pico Veleta, Spain) is particularly well adapted for these observations. The NIKA2 SZ observation program will map a large sample of clusters (50) at redshifts between 0.5 and 0.9. As a pilot study for NIKA2, several clusters of galaxies have been observed with the pathfinder, NIKA, at the IRAM 30-m telescope to cover the various configurations and observation conditions expected for NIKA2.}

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J. Macias-Perez, R. Adam, P. Ade, et. al.
Tue, 21 Nov 17

Comments: N/A