NGC 4051: Black hole mass and photon index-mass accretion rate correlation [GA]

We present a discovery of the correlation between the X-ray spectral (photon) index and mass accretion rate observed in AGN NGC 4051. We analyzed spectral transition episodes observed in NGC 4051 using XMM/Newton, Suzaku and RXTE. We applied a scaling technique for a black hole (BH) mass evaluation which uses a correlation between the photon index and normalization of the seed (disk) component, which is proportional to a mass accretion rate. We developed an analytical model that shows the spectral (photon) index of the BH emergent spectrum undergoes an evolution from lower to higher values depending on
a mass accretion rate in the accretion disk. We considered Cygnus X-1 and GRO~J1550-564 as reference sources for which distances, inclination angles and the BH masses are evaluated by dynamical measurements. Application of the scaling technique for the photon index-mass accretion rate correlation provides an estimate of the black hole mass in NGC 4051 to be more than 6×10^5 solar masses.

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E. Seifina, A. Chekhtman and L. Titarchuk
Thu, 22 Feb 18

Comments: 11 pages, 6 Figures and 8 Tables. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:0902.2852

Exact spirally symmetric galactic dynamos [GA]

This paper extends the results of an earlier paper on scale invariant galactic spiral magnetic modes to time dependent, scale invariant, spirals. The examples given are all exact in that they may be described in terms of hypergeometric functions. We restrict the discussion to an infinitely conducting medium in order to avoid earlier approximation, which limited the solutions to cones lying within about twenty degrees to the plane. The magnetic disc spirals, `X type” poloidal fields, and the recent discovery of rotation measure screens in edge-on galactic halos were all recovered in such solutions.

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R. Henriksen, A. Woodfinden and J. Irwin
Thu, 22 Feb 18

Comments: 21 pages, 6 figures, Version 1

Axisymmetric inertial modes in a spherical shell at low Ekman numbers [CL]

We investigate the asymptotic properties of axisymmetric inertial modes propagating in a spherical shell when viscosity tends to zero. We identify three kinds of eigenmodes whose eigenvalues follow very different laws as the Ekman number $E$ becomes very small. First are modes associated with attractors of characteristics that are made of thin shear layers closely following the periodic orbit traced by the characteristic attractor. Second are modes made of shear layers that connect the critical latitude singularities of the two hemispheres of the inner boundary of the spherical shell. Third are quasi-regular modes associated with the frequency of neutral periodic orbits of characteristics. We thoroughly analyse a subset of attractor modes for which numerical solutions point to an asymptotic law governing the eigenvalues. We show that three length scales proportional to $E^{1/6}$, $E^{1/4}$ and $E^{1/3}$ control the shape of the shear layers that are associated with these modes. These scales point out the key role of the small parameter $E^{1/12}$ in these oscillatory flows. With a simplified model of the viscous Poincar\’e equation, we can give an approximate analytical formula that reproduces the velocity field in such shear layers. Finally, we also present an analysis of the quasi-regular modes whose frequencies are close to $\sin(\pi/4)$ and explain why a fluid inside a spherical shell cannot respond to any periodic forcing at this frequency when viscosity vanishes.

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M. Rieutord and L. Valdettaro
Thu, 22 Feb 18

Comments: 38 pages, 25 figures, to appear in J. Fluid Mechanics

Late-time magnetogenesis driven by ALP dark matter and dark photon [CL]

We propose a mechanism which generates primordial magnetic fields after the $e^+e^-$ annihilations. Our mechanism involves an ultra-light axion-like particle (ALP) which constitutes the dark matter, and a dark $U(1)X$ gauge boson introduced to bypass the obstacle placed by the conductivity of cosmic plasma. In our scheme, coherently oscillating ALP amplifies the dark photon field, and part of the amplified dark photon field is concurrently converted to the ordinary magnetic field through the ALP-induced magnetic mixing. For the relevant ALP mass range $10^{-21} {\rm eV}\lesssim m\phi\lesssim 10^{-17}{\rm eV}$, our mechanism can generate $B\sim 10^{-24} \,(m_\phi/10^{-17} {\rm eV})^{5/4}\,{\rm G}$ with a coherent length $\lambda \sim (m_\phi/10^{-17} {\rm eV})^{-1/2}$ kpc, which is large enough to provide a seed of the galactic magnetic fields. The mechanism also predicts a dark $U(1)X$ electromagnetic field $E_X \sim B_X\sim 10\,(m\phi/10^{-17}{\rm eV})^{-1/4}{\rm nG}$, which can result in interesting astrophysical/cosmological phenomena by inducing the mixings between the ALP, ordinary photon, and dark photon states.

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K. Choi, H. Kim and T. Sekiguchi
Thu, 22 Feb 18

Comments: 6 pages, 2 figures

Magnetic fields in multiple bright-rimmed clouds in different directions of H$~$II region IC1396 – II [GA]

Bright-rimmed clouds form on the edges of H II regions affected by the high energy radiation from a central ionizing source. The UV radiation from the ionizing source results in compression and ionization causing either cloud disruption or further star formation. In this work, we present R-band polarization measurements towards four bright-rimmed clouds, IC1396A, BRC 37, BRC 38, and BRC 39, located in the different directions of the H II region, Sh2-131, in order to map magnetic fields (B-fields) in the plane of the sky. These BRCs are illuminated by the O star HD206267 and present a range of projected on sky geometries. This provides an opportunity to understand the magnetized evolution of BRCs. The B-field geometries of the clouds deduced from the polarization data, after correction for foreground ISM contamination, are seen to be connected to the ambient B-fields on the large scale. They seem to play an important role in shaping the cloud IC1396A and BRC 37. BRCs 38 and 39 show a broader and snubber head morphology possibly due to the B-fields being aligned with incoming radiation as explained in the simulations. A good general agreement is noted on comparing our observational results with the simulations supporting the importance of B-fields in BRC evolution. This work is the first step towards systematic mapping the B-fields morphology in multiple BRCs in an expanding H II region, extending the work presented by Soam et al. (2017b).

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A. Soam, G. Maheswar, C. Lee, et. al.
Thu, 22 Feb 18

Comments: 13 pages, 8 figures, accepted for publication in MNRAS

The Updated BaSTI Stellar Evolution Models and Isochrones: I. Solar Scaled Calculations [GA]

We present an updated release of the BaSTI (a Bag of Stellar Tracks and Isochrones) stellar model and isochrone library for a solar scaled heavy element distribution. The main input physics changed from the previous BaSTI release include the solar metal mixture, electron conduction opacities, a few nuclear reaction rates, bolometric corrections, and the treatment of the overshooting efficiency for shrinking convective cores. The new model calculations cover a mass range between 0.1 and 15 Msun, 22 initial chemical compositions between [Fe/H]=-3.20 and +0.45, with helium to metal enrichment ratio dY /dZ=1.31. The isochrones cover an age range between 20 Myr and 14.5 Gyr, take consistently into account the pre-main sequence phase, and have been translated to a large number of popular photometric systems. Asteroseismic properties of the theoretical models have also been calculated. We compare our isochrones with results from independent databases and with several sets of observations, to test the accuracy of the calculations. All stellar evolution tracks, asteroseismic properties and isochrones are made available through a dedicated Web site.

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S. Hidalgo, A. Pietrinferni, S. Cassisi, et. al.
Thu, 22 Feb 18

Comments: 31 pages, 28 figures. Accepted to be published in ApJ Stellar evolution library available at: this http URL and this https URL

Cubic Halo Bias in Eulerian and Lagrangian Space [CEA]

Predictions of the next-to-leading order, i.e. one-loop, halo power spectra depend on local and non-local bias parameters up to cubic order. The linear bias parameter can be estimated from the large scale limit of the halo-matter power spectrum, and the second order bias parameters from the large scale, tree-level, bispectrum. Cubic operators would naturally be quantified using the tree-level trispectrum. As the latter is computationally expensive, we extent the quadratic field method proposed in Schmittfull et al. 2014 to cubic fields in order to estimate cubic bias parameters. We cross-correlate a basis set of cubic bias operators with the halo field and express the result in terms of the cross-spectra of these operators in order to cancel cosmic variance. We obtain significant detections of local and non-local cubic bias parameters, which are partially in tension with predictions based on local Lagrangian bias schemes. We directly measure the Lagrangian bias parameters of the protohaloes associated with our halo sample and clearly detect a non-local quadratic term in Lagrangian space. We do not find a clear detection of non-local cubic Lagrangian terms for low mass bins, but there is some mild evidence for their presence for the highest mass bin. While the method presented here focuses on cubic bias parameters, the approach could also be applied to quantifications of cubic primordial non-Gaussianity.

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M. Abidi and T. Baldauf
Thu, 22 Feb 18

Comments: 37 pages, 16 figures, 4 tables; comments welcome