Identifying the most crucial parameters of the initial curvature profile for primordial black hole formation

Primordial black holes (PBHs) are an important tool in cosmology to probe the primordial spectrum of small-scale curvature perturbations that reenter the cosmological horizon during radiation domination epoch. We numerically solve the evolution of spherically symmetric highly perturbed configurations to clarify the criteria of PBHs formation using an extremely wide class of curvature profiles characterized by five parameters, (in contrast to only two parameters used in all previous papers) which specify the curvature profiles not only at the central region but also at the outer boundary of configurations. It is shown that formation or non-formation of PBHs is determined entirely by only two master parameters one of which can be presented as an integral of curvature over initial configurations and the other is presented in terms of the position of the core and the boundary.

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Date added: Mon, 14 Oct 13