A combined analysis of PandaX, LUX, and XENON1T experiments within the framework of dark matter effective theory [CL]


Weakly interacting massive particles are a widely well-probed dark matter candidate by the dark matter direct detection experiments. Theoretically, there are a large number of ultraviolet completed models that consist of a weakly interacting massive particle dark matter. The variety of models make the comparison with the direct detection data complicated and often non-trivial. To overcome this, in the non-relativistic limit, the effective theory was developed in the literature which works very well to significantly reduce the complexity of dark matter-nucleon interactions and to better study the nuclear response functions. In the effective theory framework for a spin-1/2 dark matter, we combine three independent likelihood functions from the latest PandaX, LUX, and XENON1T data, and give a joint limit on each effective coupling. The astrophysical uncertainties of the dark matter distribution are also included in the likelihood. We further discuss the isospin violating cases of the interactions. Finally, for both dimension-five and dimension-six effective theories above the electroweak scale, we give updated limits of the new physics mass scales.

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Z. Liu, Y. Su, Y. Tsai, et. al.
Thu, 17 Aug 17

Comments: 31 pages, 10 figures, “code will be available soon in the LikeDM website, this https URL

A First Look at Periodicity in HAWC with TeV Binaries [HEAP]


Only five binary systems have been found to emit at TeV energies. Each of these systems is composed of a massive O or B type star and a compact object (black hole or a pulsar). The type of compact object and the origin of the gamma-ray emission is unknown for most of these systems. Extending spectral observations to higher energies can help disentangle the nature of the compact object as well as the particle acceleration mechanisms present. Interestingly, the TeV emission from these systems does not always coincide with their emission in GeV or X-ray, which is how many such systems have been originally discovered. Increased coverage of these systems may allow HAWC to see precisely when in the orbit the TeV emission begins and ends. The HAWC Observatory detects TeV gamma-rays with high sensitivity, covering over two-thirds of the overhead sky every day. Applying a stacking method to known TeV binary systems can help HAWC enhance the signal from TeV binaries above the steady background from other sources in the galaxy. We will present results from this stacking analysis using 760 days of HAWC data.

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C. Brisbois, P. Huentemeyer, H. Fleischhack, et. al.
Wed, 16 Aug 17

Comments: Presented at the 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2017), Bexco, Busan, Korea. See arXiv:1708.02572 for all HAWC contributions

Searching for TeV Gamma-ray Emission from Binary Systems with HAWC [HEAP]


Compact binary systems can provide us with unique information on astrophysical particle acceleration and cosmic ray production. However, only five binary systems have ever been observed in TeV $\gamma$ rays. The High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Observatory has high uptime (duty cycle $>95\%$) and a wide field of view (2 sr), making it well-suited for observing transient sources such as binaries. Using two years of data from HAWC, we have searched for TeV emission from three known TeV binary systems in the field of view and twenty-eight TeV binary candidates. We have searched the HAWC data for evidence of orbital modulation or flares from these objects, and report estimates of their $\gamma$-ray flux.

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C. Rho
Tue, 15 Aug 17

Comments: Presented at the 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2017), Bexco, Busan, Korea. See arXiv:1708.02572 for all HAWC contributions

Mapping the dominant regions of the phase space associated with $c \bar c$ production relevant for the Prompt Atmospheric Neutrino Flux [CL]


We present a detailed mapping of the dominant kinematical domains contributing to the prompt atmospheric neutrino flux at high neutrino energies by studying its sensitivity to the cuts on several kinematical variables crucial for charm production in cosmic ray scattering in the atmosphere. This includes the maximal center-of-mass energy for proton-proton scattering, the longitudinal momentum fractions of partons in the projectile (cosmic ray) and target (nucleus of the atmosphere), the Feynman $x_F$ variable and the transverse momentum of charm quark/antiquark. We find that the production of neutrinos with energies larger than $E_{\nu} >$ 10$^7$ GeV is particularly sensitive to the center-of-mass energies larger than the ones at the LHC and to the longitudinal momentum fractions in the projectile 10$^{-8}$ $< x <$ 10$^{-5}$. Clearly, these are regions where we do not control the parton, in particular gluon, densities. We also analyse the characteristic theoretical uncertainties in the charm production cross section coming from its QCD modelling. The precision data on the prompt atmospheric neutrino flux can efficiently constrain the mechanism of heavy quark production and underlying QCD dynamics in kinematical ranges beyond the reach of the current collider measurements.

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V. Goncalves, R. Maciula, R. Pasechnik, et. al.
Tue, 15 Aug 17

Comments: 11 pages, 9 figures

Measuring High-Energy Spectra with HAWC [IMA]


The High-Altitude Water-Cherenkov (HAWC) experiment is a TeV $\gamma$-ray observatory located \unit[4100]{m} above sea level on the Sierra Negra mountain in Puebla, Mexico. The detector consists of 300 water-filled tanks, each instrumented with 4 photomultiplier tubes that utilize the water-Cherenkov technique to detect atmospheric air showers produced by cosmic $\gamma$ rays. Construction of HAWC was completed in March of 2015. The experiment’s wide instantaneous field of view (\unit[2]{sr}) and high duty cycle (> 95\%) make it a powerful survey instrument sensitive to pulsars, supernova remnants, and other $\gamma$-ray sources. The mechanisms of particle acceleration at these sources can be studied by analyzing their high-energy spectra. To this end, we have developed an event-by-event energy-reconstruction algorithm using an artificial neural network to estimate energies of primary $\gamma$ rays at HAWC. We will present the details of this technique and its performance as well as the current progress toward using it to measure energy spectra of $\gamma$-ray sources.

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S. Marinelli and J. Goodman
Mon, 14 Aug 17

Comments: Presented at the 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2017), Bexco, Busan, Korea. See arXiv:1708.02572 for all HAWC contributions

HAWC Contributions to the 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC2017) [HEAP]


List of proceedings from the HAWC Collaboration presented at the 35th International Cosmic Ray Conference, 12 July – 20 July 2017, Bexco, Busan, Korea.

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A. Abeysekara, A. Albert, R. Alfaro, et. al.
Wed, 9 Aug 17

Comments: List of proceedings from the HAWC Collaboration presented at ICRC2017. Follow the “HTML” link to access the list

Improved limits for Higgs-portal dark matter from LHC searches [CL]


Searches for invisible Higgs decays at the Large Hadron Collider constrain dark matter Higgs-portal models, where dark matter interacts with the Standard Model fields via the Higgs boson. While these searches complement dark matter direct-detection experiments, a comparison of the two limits depends on the Higgs coupling to the nucleons forming the direct-detection nuclear target, typically parameterized in a single quantity $f_N$. We evaluate $f_N$ using recent phenomenological and lattice-QCD calculations, and include for the first time the coupling of the Higgs to two nucleons via pion-exchange currents. We observe a partial cancellation for Higgs-portal models that makes the two-nucleon contribution anomalously small. Our results, summarized as $f_N=0.308(18)$, show that the uncertainty of the Higgs-nucleon coupling has been vastly overestimated in the past. The improved limits highlight that state-of-the-art nuclear physics input is key to fully exploiting experimental searches.

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M. Hoferichter, P. Klos, J. Menendez, et. al.
Wed, 9 Aug 17

Comments: 6 pages, 3 figures