Super and Massive AGB Stars: II – Nucleosynthesis and Yields – Z=0.02, 0.008 and 0.004

We have computed detailed evolution and nucleosynthesis models for super and massive AGB stars over the mass range 6.5-9.0 Msun in divisions of 0.5 Msun with metallicities Z=0.02, 0.008 and 0.004. These calculations, in which we find third dredge-up and hot bottom burning, fill the gap between existing low and intermediate-mass AGB star models and high mass star models that become supernovae. For the considered metallicities, the composition of the yields is largely dominated by the thermodynamic conditions at the base of the convective envelope rather than by the pollution arising from third dredge up. We investigate the effects of various uncertainties, related to the mass-loss rate, mixing length parameter, and the treatment of evolution after the envelope instability that develops near the end of the (Super)AGB phase. Varying these parameters alter the yields mainly because of their impact on the amount of third dredge up enrichment, and to a lesser extent on the hot bottom burning conditions. Our models produce significant amounts of He4, Li7 (depending on the mass-loss formulation) C13, N14, O17, Na23, Mg25, as well the radioactive isotope Al26 in agreement with previous investigation. In addition our results show enrichment of Ne22, Mg26 and Fe60, as well as a substantial increase in our proxy neutron capture species representing all species heavier than iron. These stars may provide important contributions to the Galaxy’s inventory of the heavier Mg isotopes, N14, Li7 and Al27.

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Date added: Fri, 11 Oct 13