We investigate the X-ray enhancement and the long-term evolution of the recently discovered, second “low-B magnetar” Swift J1822.3-1606 in the frame of the fallback disk model. During a soft gamma burst episode, the inner disk matter is pushed back to larger radii forming a density gradient at the inner disk. Subsequent relaxation of the inner disk could account for the observed X-ray enhancement light curve of Swift J1822.3-1606. We obtain model fits to the X-ray data with basic disk parameters similar to those employed to explain the X-ray outburst light curves of other AXPs and SGRs. The long period (8.4 s) of the neutron star can be reached by the effect of the disk torques in the long-term accretion phase (1-3 x 10^5 yrs). The currently ongoing X-ray enhancement could be due to a transient accretion epoch, or the source could still be in the accretion phase in quiescence. Considering these different possibilities, we determine the model curves that could represent the long-term rotational and the X-ray luminosity evolution of Swift J1822.3-1606, which constrain the strength of the magnetic dipole field to the range of 1-2 x 10^12 G on the surface of the neutron star.
Date added: Fri, 11 Oct 13