Evidence of Intermediate-Scale Energy Spectrum Anisotropy of Cosmic Rays E$\geq$10$^{19.2}$ eV with the Telescope Array Surface Detector [HEAP]


An intermediate-scale energy spectrum anisotropy has been found in the arrival directions of ultra-high energy cosmic rays of energies above $10^{19.2}$ eV in the northern hemisphere, using 7 years of data from the Telescope Array (TA) surface detector (SD). A relative energy distribution test is done comparing events inside oversampled spherical cap bins of equal exposure, to those outside, using the Poisson likelihood ratio test. The center of maximum significance is at $9^h$$16^m$, $45^{\circ}$. and has a deficit of events with energies $10^{19.2}$$\leq$$E$$<$$10^{19.75}$ eV and an excess for $E$$\geq$$10^{19.75}$ eV. The post-trial probability of this energy anisotropy, appearing by chance anywhere on an isotropic sky, is found by Monte Carlo (MC) simulation to be $9$$\times$$10^{-5}$ ($3.74$$\sigma_{global}$).

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R. Abbasi, M. Abe, T. Abu-Zayyad, et. al.
Thu, 15 Feb 18

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