O/H-N/O: the curious case of NGC 4670 [GA]


We use integral field spectroscopic (IFS) observations from Gemini North Multi-Object Spectrograph (GMOS-N) of a group of four H II regions and the surrounding gas in the central region of the blue compact dwarf (BCD) galaxy NGC 4670. At spatial scales of $\sim$ 9 pc, we map the spatial distribution of a variety of physical properties of the ionised gas: internal dust attenuation, kinematics, stellar age, star-formation rate, emission line ratios and chemical abundances. The region of study is found to be photoionised. Using the robust direct T$_e$-method, we estimate metallicity, nitrogen-to-oxygen ratio and helium abundance of the four H II regions. The same parameters are also mapped for the entire region using the HII-CHI-mistry code. We find that log(N/O) is increased in the region where the Wolf-Rayet bump is detected.The region coincides with the continuum region, around which we detect a slight increase in He abundance. We estimate the number of WC4, WN2-4 and WN7-9 stars from the integrated spectrum of WR bump region. We study the relation between log(N/O) and 12 + log(O/H) using the spatially-resolved data of the FOV as well as the integrated data of the H II regions from ten BCDs. We find an unexpected negative trend between N/O and metallicity. Several scenarios are explored to explain this trend, including nitrogen enrichment, and variations in star formation efficiency via chemical evolution models.

Read this paper on arXiv…

N. Kumari, B. James, M. Irwin, et. al.
Wed, 14 Feb 18

Comments: 24 pages, 25 figures, 7 tables, accepted for publication in MNRAS