HESS J1640-465 — a Gamma-ray emitting pulsar wind nebula ? [HEAP]


HESS J1640-465 is an extended TeV $\gamma$-ray source and its nature of being the shell of a supernova remnant (SNR) or a pulsar wind nebula (PWN) is still under debate. We reanalyze the GeV $\gamma$-ray data in the field of HESS J1640-465 using eight years of Pass 8 data recorded by the Fermi Large Area Telescope. An extended GeV $\gamma$-ray source positionally coincident with HESS J1640-465 is found. Its photon spectrum can be described by a power-law with an index of $1.42\pm0.19$ in the energy range of 10-500 GeV, and smoothly connects with the TeV spectrum of HESS J1640-465. The best-fitting position of the GeV source is coincident with that of the PWN powered by PSR J1640-4631 rather than the shell of SNR G338.3-0.0. %Together with the hard GeV spectrum of it, the nature of HESS J1640-465 is more likely to be the PWN. Multi-wavelength spectra of HESS J1640-465 can be well fitted by a leptonic model with a broken power-law spectrum of electrons cutting at $\sim$ 300 TeV. The spectral properties of HESS J1640-465 also follow the statistical behaviors of known PWNe, such as the correlations between high-energy luminosity ratios and the physical parameters of pulsar, including spin-down luminosity $\dot{E}$ and characteristic age $\tau_c$. All these pieces of evidence support that the $\gamma$-ray emission of HESS J1640-465 originates from the PWN powered by PSR J1640-4631 rather than the shell of the SNR G338.3-0.0.

Read this paper on arXiv…

Y. Xin, N. Liao, X. Guo, et. al.
Tue, 13 Feb 18

Comments: 9 pages, 6 figures, 3 tables. Submit to ApJ, comments are welcome