We studied roles of the magnetic field on the gas dynamics in the Galactic bulge by a three-dimensional global magnetohydrodynamical simulation data, particularly focusing on vertical flows that are ubiquitously excited by magnetic activity. In local regions where the magnetic filed is stronger, fast downflows with speed of ~ 100 km/s are triggered near the footpoint of magnetic loops that are buoyancy risen by Parker instability. These downward flows are accelerated by the vertical component of the gravity, falling along inclined field lines, which we call magnetic sliding slopes. The two footpoints of rising magnetic loops are generally located at different radial locations and the field lines are deformed by the differential rotation. The angular momentum is transported along the field lines, and the radial force balance breaks down. As a result, a fast downflow is often observed only at the one footpoint located at the inner radial position. The fast downflow compresses the gas to form a dense region near the footpoint, which will be important in star formation afterward. Furthermore, the azimuthal and radial components of the velocity are also excited, which are observed as high velocity features in a simulated position-velocity diagram. Depending on the viewing angle, these fast flows will show a large variety of characteristic features in the position-velocity diagram.
K. Kakiuchi, T. Suzuki, Y. Fukui, et. al.
Wed, 13 Dec 17
Comments: Submitted to MNRAS. 9 pages, 12 figures