La Freccia Rossa: An IR-dark cloud hosting the Milky Way intermediate-mass black hole candidate [HEAP]

The dynamics of the high-velocity compact molecular cloud CO-0.40-0.22 have been interpreted as evidence for a $\sim10^{5}M_{\odot}$ black hole within 60 pc of Sgr A*. Recently, Oka et al. have identified a compact millimetre-continuum source, CO-0.40-0.22*, with this candidate black hole. Here we present a collation of radio and infrared data at this location. ATCA constraints on the radio spectrum, and the detection of a mid-infrared counterpart, are in tension with an Sgr A-like model for CO-0.40-0.22 despite the comparable bolometric to Eddington luminosity ratios under the IMBH interpretation. A protostellar-disk scenario is, however, tenable. CO-0.40-0.22(*) is associated with an arrowhead-shaped infrared-dark cloud (which we call the Freccia Rossa). Radio-continuum observations reveal a candidate HII region associated with the system. If the $V_{\rm LSR}\approx70$ km s$^{-1}$ systemic velocity of CO-0.40-0.22 is common to the entire Freccia Rossa system, we hypothesise that it is the remnant of a high-velocity cloud that has plunged into the Milky Way from the Galactic halo.

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V. Ravi, H. Vedantham and E. Phinney
Thu, 12 Oct 17

Comments: 6 pages, 3 figures, submitted to MNRAS Letters