Anisotropic power-law k-inflation

It is known that power-law k-inflation can be realized for the Lagrangian $P=Xg(Y)$, where $X=-(\partial \phi)^2/2$ is the kinetic energy of a scalar field $\phi$ and $g$ is an arbitrary function in terms of $Y=Xe^{\lambda \phi/M_{pl}}$ ($\lambda$ is a constant and $M_{pl}$ is the reduced Planck mass). In the presence of a vector field coupled to the inflaton with an exponential coupling $f(\phi) \propto e^{\mu \phi/M_{pl}}$, we show that the models with the Lagrangian $P=Xg(Y)$ generally give rise to anisotropic inflationary solutions with $\Sigma/H=constant$, where $\Sigma$ is an anisotropic shear and $H$ is an isotropic expansion rate. Provided these anisotropic solutions exist in the regime where the ratio $\Sigma/H$ is much smaller than 1, they are stable attractors irrespective of the forms of $g(Y)$. We apply our results to concrete models of k-inflation such as the generalized dilatonic ghost condensate/the DBI model and we numerically show that the solutions with different initial conditions converge to the anisotropic power-law inflationary attractors. Even in the de Sitter limit ($\lambda \to 0$) such solutions can exist, but in this case the null energy condition is generally violated. The latter property is consistent with the Wald’s cosmic conjecture stating that the anisotropic hair does not survive on the de Sitter background in the presence of matter respecting the dominant/strong energy conditions.

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Date added: Mon, 14 Oct 13