Constrains on Kähler Moduli Inflation from Reheating [CL]

We present predictions of the K\”ahler moduli inflation model for the spectral tilt by parametrising the reheating epoch by an effective equation-of-state parameter and the number of e-foldings of reheating; and taking into account the post-inflationary history of the model. This has an epoch in which the energy density of the universe is dominated by cold moduli particles. We compare our results with data from the PLANCK mission and find that exotic reheating (with effective equation of state $w_{\rm re}$ greater than 1/3) is required to match the observations. For canonical reheating case with $w_{\rm re} = 0$, we deduce $\text{log}{10}(T{\rm re}/10^3~ \text{GeV}) \simeq 1190 (n_s – 0.956)$. We also analyse our results in the context of observations being planned for the future and their projected sensitivities.

Read this paper on arXiv…

S. Bhattacharya, K. Dutta and A. Maharana
Wed, 26 Jul 17

Comments: 10 pages, three figures

Primordial Spectra of slow-roll inflation at second-order with the Gauss-Bonnet correction [CL]

The slow-roll inflation for a single scalar field that couples to the Gauss-Bonnet (GB) term represents an important higher-order curvature correction inspired by string theory. With the arrival of the era of precision cosmology, it is expected that the high-order corrections become more and more important. In this paper we study the observational predictions of the slow-roll inflation with the GB term by using the third-order uniform asymptotic approximation method. We calculate explicitly the primordial power spectra, spectral indices, running of the spectral indices for both scalar and tensor perturbations, and the ratio between tensor and scalar spectra. These expressions are all written in terms of the Hubble and GB coupling flow parameters and expanded up to the next-to-leading order in the slow-roll expansions. The upper bounds of errors of the approximations at the third-order are $0.15\%$, so they represent the most accurate results obtained so far in the literature. We expect that the understanding of the GB corrections in the primordial spectra and their constraints by forthcoming observational data will provide clues for the UV complete theory of quantum gravity, such as the string/M-theory.

Read this paper on arXiv…

Q. Wu, T. Zhu and A. Wang
Wed, 26 Jul 17

Comments: revtex4, no figures and no tables

Bubble nucleation and inflationary perturbations [CL]

In this work we study the imprints of bubble nucleation on primordial inflationary perturbations. We assume that the bubble is formed via the tunneling of a spectator field from the false vacuum of its potential to its true vacuum. We consider the configuration in which the observable CMB sphere is initially outside of the bubble. As the bubble expands, more and more regions of the exterior false vacuum, including our CMB sphere, fall into the interior of the bubble. The modes which leave the horizon during inflation at the time when the bubble wall collides with the observable CMB sphere are affected the most. The bubble wall induces non-trivial anisotropic and scale dependent corrections in the two point function of the curvature perturbation. The corrections in the curvature perturbation and the diagonal and off-diagonal elements of CMB power spectrum are estimated.

Read this paper on arXiv…

H. Firouzjahi, S. Jazayeri, A. Karami, et. al.
Wed, 26 Jul 17

Comments: N/A

Baryon Asymmetry and Gravitational Waves from Pseudoscalar Inflation [CL]

In models of inflation driven by an axion-like pseudoscalar field, the inflaton, a, may couple to the standard model hypercharge via a Chern-Simons-type interaction, $L \subset a/(4\Lambda) F\tilde{F}$. This coupling results in explosive gauge field production during inflation, especially at its last stage, which has interesting phenomenological consequences: For one thing, the primordial hypermagnetic field is maximally helical. It is thus capable of sourcing the generation of nonzero baryon number, via the standard model chiral anomaly, around the time of electroweak symmetry breaking. For another thing, the gauge field production during inflation feeds back into the primordial tensor power spectrum, leaving an imprint in the stochastic background of gravitational waves (GWs). In this paper, we focus on the correlation between these two phenomena. Working in the approximation of instant reheating, we (1) update the investigation of baryogenesis via hypermagnetic fields from pseudoscalar inflation and (2) examine the corresponding implications for the GW spectrum. We find that successful baryogenesis requires a suppression scale Lambda of around Lambda ~ 3 x 10^17 GeV, which corresponds to a relatively weakly coupled axion. The gauge field production at the end of inflation is then typically accompanied by a peak in the GW spectrum at frequencies in the MHz range or above. The detection of such a peak is out of reach of present-day technology; but in the future, it may serve as a smoking-gun signal for baryogenesis from pseudoscalar inflation. Conversely, models that do yield an observable GW signal suffer from the overproduction of baryon number, unless the reheating temperature is lower than the electroweak scale.

Read this paper on arXiv…

D. Jimenez, K. Kamada, K. Schmitz, et. al.
Wed, 26 Jul 17

Comments: 37 pages + references, 9 figures, 1 table

On white holes as particle accelerators [CL]

We analyze scenarios of particle collisions in the metric of a nonextremal black hole that can potentially lead to ultrahigh energy $E_{c.m.}$ in their centre of mass frame. Particle 1 comes from infinity to the black hole horizon while particle 2 emerges from a white hole region. It is shown that unbounded $E_{c.m.}$ $\ $require that particle 2 pass close to the bifurcation point. The analogy with collisions inside the horizon is discussed.

Read this paper on arXiv…

O. Zaslavskii
Wed, 26 Jul 17

Comments: 9 pages. 2 figures

A Smooth Exit from Eternal Inflation [CL]

The usual theory of inflation breaks down in eternal inflation. We derive a dual description of eternal inflation in terms of a deformed IR CFT located at the threshold of eternal inflation. The partition function gives the amplitude of different geometries of the threshold surface in the Hartle-Hawking state. Its local and global behavior in dual toy models shows that the amplitude is low for surfaces which are not nearly conformal to the round three-sphere, and essentially zero for surfaces with negative curvature. Based on this we conjecture that the exit from eternal inflation does not produce an infinite fractal-like multiverse, but is finite and reasonably smooth.

Read this paper on arXiv…

S. Hawking and T. Hertog
Wed, 26 Jul 17

Comments: 14 pages

Energy Conditions in Modified $f(G)$ Gravity [CL]

In this paper, we have considered flat Friedmann-Lema\^{i}tre-Robertson-Walker metric in the framework of perfect fluid models and modified $f(G)$ gravity (where $G$ is the Gauss Bonnet invariant). Particularly, we have considered particular realistic $f(G)$ configurations that could be used to cure finite-time future singularities arising in the late-time cosmic accelerating epochs. We have then developed the viability bounds of these models induced by weak and null energy conditions, by using the recent estimated numerical figures of the deceleration, Hubble, snap and jerk parameters.

Read this paper on arXiv…

K. Bamba, M. Ilyas, M. Bhatti, et. al.
Tue, 25 Jul 17

Comments: 17 pages, 5 figures, version accepted for publication in General Relativity and Gravitation