Full-dimensional Quantum Dynamics of SiO in Collision with H$_2$ [CL]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1802.04702


We report the first full-dimensional potential energy surface (PES) and quantum mechanical close-coupling calculations for scattering of SiO due to H$_2$. The full-dimensional interaction potential surface was computed using the explicitly correlated coupled-cluster (CCSD(T)-F12b) method and fitted using an invariant polynomial approach. Pure rotational quenching cross sections from initial states $v_1=0$, $j_1$=1-5 of SiO in collision with H$_2$ are calculated for collision energies between 1.0 and 5000 cm$^{-1}$. State-to-state rotational rate coefficients are calculated at temperatures between 5 and 1000 K. The rotational rate coefficients of SiO with para-H$_2$ are compared with previous approximate results which were obtained using SiO-He PESs or scaled from SiO-He rate coefficients. Rovibrational state-to-state and total quenching cross sections and rate coefficients for initially excited SiO($v_1=1, j_1$=0 and 1) in collisions with para-H$_2$($v_2=0,j_2=0$) and ortho-H$_2$($v_2=0,j_2=1$) were also obtained. The application of the current collisional rate coefficients to astrophysics is briefly discussed.

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B. Yang, P. Zhang, C. Qu, et. al.
Wed, 14 Feb 18
22/68

Comments: N/A

Measurements and modeling of absorption by CO2+H2O mixtures in the spectral region beyond the CO2 nu3-band head [EPA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1802.01352


In this work, we measured the absorption by CO2+H2O mixtures from 2400 to 2600 cm-1 which corresponds to the spectral region beyond the nu3 band head of CO2. Transmission spectra of CO2 mixed with water vapor were recorded with a high-resolution Fourier-transform spectrometer for various pressure, temperature and concentration conditions. The continuum absorption by CO2 due to the presence of water vapor was determined by subtracting from measured spectra the contribution of local lines of both species, that of the continuum of pure CO2 as well as of the self- and CO2-continua of water vapor induced by the H2O-H2O and H2O-CO2 interactions. The obtained results are in very good agreement with the unique previous measurement (in a narrower spectral range). They confirm that the H2O-continuum of CO2 is significantly larger than that observed for pure CO2. This continuum thus must be taken into account in radiative transfer calculations for media involving CO2+H2O mixture. An empirical model, using sub-Lorentzian line shapes based on some temperature-dependent correction factors chi is proposed which enables an accurate description of the experimental results.

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H. Tran, M. Turbet, P. Chelin, et. al.
Tue, 6 Feb 18
34/62

Comments: Accepted in Icarus. 16 pages, 3 figures

Accurate millimetre and submillimetre rest frequencies for $cis$- and $trans$-dithioformic acid, HCSSH [GA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1801.07212


A better understanding of sulphur chemistry is needed to solve the interstellar sulphur depletion problem. A way to achieve this goal is to study new S-bearing molecules in the laboratory, obtaining accurate rest frequencies for an astronomical search. We focus on dithioformic acid, HCSSH, which is the sulphur analogue of formic acid. The aim of this study is to provide an accurate line list of the two HCSSH $trans$ and $cis$ isomers in their electronic ground state and a comprehensive centrifugal distortion analysis with an extension of measurements in the millimetre and submillimetre range. We studied the two isomers in the laboratory using an absorption spectrometer employing the frequency-modulation technique. The molecules were produced directly within a free-space cell by glow discharge of a gas mixture. We measured lines belonging to the electronic ground state up to 478 GHz, with a total number of 204 and 139 new rotational transitions, respectively, for $trans$ and $cis$ isomers. The final dataset also includes lines in the centimetre range available from literature. The extension of the measurements in the mm and submm range lead to an accurate set of rotational and centrifugal distortion parameters. This allows us to predict frequencies with estimated uncertainties as low as 5 kHz at 1 mm wavelength. Hence, the new dataset provided by this study can be used for astronomical search.

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D. Prudenzano, J. Laas, L. Bizzocchi, et. al.
Tue, 23 Jan 18
70/85

Comments: N/A

ExoMol line lists — XXII. The rotation-vibration spectrum of silane up to 1200 K [CL]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.09354


A variationally computed $^{28}$SiH$_4$ rotation-vibration line list applicable for temperatures up to $T=1200\,$K is presented. The line list, called OY2T, considers transitions with rotational excitation up to $J=42$ in the wavenumber range $0$–$5000\,$cm$^{-1}$ (wavelengths $\lambda> 2\,\mu$m). Just under 62.7 billion transitions have been calculated between 6.1 million energy levels. Rovibrational calculations have utilized a new `spectroscopic’ potential energy surface determined by empirical refinement to 1452 experimentally derived energy levels up to $J=6$, and a previously reported \textit{ab initio} dipole moment surface. The temperature-dependent partition function of silane, the OY2T line list format, and the temperature dependence of the OY2T line list are discussed. Comparisons with the PNNL spectral library and other experimental sources indicate that the OY2T line list is robust and able to accurately reproduce weaker intensity features. The full line list is available from the ExoMol database and the CDS database.

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A. Owens, A. Yachmenev, W. Thiel, et. al.
Fri, 29 Dec 2017
19/65

Comments: 11 pages, 9 figures, 3 tables

Tunneling Reaction Kinetics for the Hydrogen Abstraction Reaction H + H$_2$S -> H$_2$ + HS in the Interstellar Medium [GA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.02088


The hydrogen abstraction reaction between H and H$_2$S, yielding HS and H$_2$ as products, has been studied within the framework of interstellar surface chemistry. High-temperature rate constants up to 2000 K are calculated in the gas phase and are in agreement with previously reported values. Subsequently low-temperature rate constants down to 55 K are presented for the first time that are of interest to astrochemistry, i.e., covering both bimolecular and unimolecular reaction mechanisms. For this, a so-called implicit surface model is used. Strictly speaking, this is a structural gas-phase model in which the restriction of the rotation in the solid state is taken into account. The calculated kinetic isotope effects are explained in terms of difference in activation and delocalization. All rate constants are calculated at the UCCSD(T)-F12/cc-VTZ-F12 level of theory. Finally, we show that the energetics of the reaction is only affected to a small extent by the presence of H$_2$O or H$_2$S molecular clusters that simulate an ice surface, calculated at the MPWB1K/def2-TZVP level of theory.

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T. Lamberts and J. Kastner
Thu, 7 Dec 17
56/72

Comments: Accepted for publication in Journal of Physical Chemistry A this http URL

Gas-Phase Spectra of MgO Molecules: A Possible Connection from Gas-Phase Molecules to Planet Formation [EPA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.03544


A more fine-tuned method for probing planet-forming regions, such as protoplanetary discs, could be rovibrational molecular spectroscopy observation of particular premineral molecules instead of more common but ultimately less related volatile organic compounds. Planets are created when grains aggregate, but how molecules form grains is an ongoing topic of discussion in astrophysics and planetary science. Using the spectroscopic data of molecules specifically involved in mineral formation could help to map regions where planet formation is believed to be occurring in order to examine the interplay between gas and dust. Four atoms are frequently associated with planetary formation: Fe, Si, Mg, and O. Magnesium, in particular, has been shown to be in higher relative abundance in planet-hosting stars. Magnesium oxide crystals comprise the mineral periclase making it the chemically simplest magnesium-bearing mineral and a natural choice for analysis. The monomer, dimer, and trimer forms of (MgO)_n with n = 1 – 3 are analyzed in this work using high-level quantum chemical computations known to produce accurate results. Strong vibrational transitions at 12.5 {\mu}m, 15.0 {\mu}m, and 16.5 {\mu}m are indicative of magnesium oxide monomer, dimer, and trimer making these wavelengths of particular interest for the observation of protoplanetary discs and even potentially planet-forming regions around stars. If such transitions are observed in emission from the accretion discs or absorptions from stellar spectra, the beginning stages of mineral and, subsequently, rocky body formation could be indicated.

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K. Kloska and R. Fortenberry
Mon, 13 Nov 17
16/46

Comments: 10 pages, 2 figures, 6 tables, Accepted in MNRAS

Gas-Phase Spectra of MgO Molecules: A Possible Connection from Gas-Phase Molecules to Planet Formation [EPA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.03544


A more fine-tuned method for probing planet-forming regions, such as protoplanetary discs, could be rovibrational molecular spectroscopy observation of particular premineral molecules instead of more common but ultimately less related volatile organic compounds. Planets are created when grains aggregate, but how molecules form grains is an ongoing topic of discussion in astrophysics and planetary science. Using the spectroscopic data of molecules specifically involved in mineral formation could help to map regions where planet formation is believed to be occurring in order to examine the interplay between gas and dust. Four atoms are frequently associated with planetary formation: Fe, Si, Mg, and O. Magnesium, in particular, has been shown to be in higher relative abundance in planet-hosting stars. Magnesium oxide crystals comprise the mineral periclase making it the chemically simplest magnesium-bearing mineral and a natural choice for analysis. The monomer, dimer, and trimer forms of (MgO)_n with n = 1 – 3 are analyzed in this work using high-level quantum chemical computations known to produce accurate results. Strong vibrational transitions at 12.5 {\mu}m, 15.0 {\mu}m, and 16.5 {\mu}m are indicative of magnesium oxide monomer, dimer, and trimer making these wavelengths of particular interest for the observation of protoplanetary discs and even potentially planet-forming regions around stars. If such transitions are observed in emission from the accretion discs or absorptions from stellar spectra, the beginning stages of mineral and, subsequently, rocky body formation could be indicated.

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K. Kloska and R. Fortenberry
Mon, 13 Nov 17
22/46

Comments: 10 pages, 2 figures, 6 tables, Accepted in MNRAS