Search for sterile neutrinos in a universe of vacuum energy interacting with cold dark matter [CEA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.03148


We investigate the cosmological constraints on sterile neutrinos in a universe in which vacuum energy interacts with cold dark matter by using latest observational data. We focus on two specific interaction models, $Q=\beta H\rho_{\rm v}$ and $Q=\beta H\rho_{\rm c}$. To overcome the problem of large-scale instability in the interacting dark energy scenario, we employ the parametrized post-Friedmann (PPF) approach for interacting dark energy to do the calculation of perturbation evolution. The observational data sets used in this work include the Planck 2015 temperature and polarization data, the baryon acoustic oscillations measurements, the type-Ia supernova data, the Hubble constant direct measurement, the galaxy weak lensing data, the redshift space distortions data, and the Planck lensing data. Using the all-data combination, we obtain $N_{\rm eff}<3.522$ and $m_{\nu,{\rm sterile}}^{\rm eff}<0.576$ eV for the $Q=\beta H\rho_{\rm v}$ model, and $N_{\rm eff}=3.204^{+0.049}{-0.135}$ and $m{\nu,{\rm sterile}}^{\rm eff}=0.410^{+0.150}{-0.330}$ eV for the $Q=\beta H\rho{\rm c}$ model. The latter indicates that $\Delta N_{\rm eff}>0$ at the 1.17$\sigma$ level and a nonzero mass of sterile neutrino at the 1.24$\sigma$ level. In addition, for the $Q=\beta H\rho_{\rm v}$ model, we find that $\beta=0$ is consistent with the current data, and for the $Q=\beta H\rho_{\rm c}$ model, we find that $\beta>0$ is obtained at more than 1$\sigma$ level.

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L. Feng, J. Zhang and X. Zhang
Mon, 11 Dec 17
26/62

Comments: 11 pages, 6 figures

Cosmological constraints from galaxy clustering in the presence of massive neutrinos [CEA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.02886


The clustering ratio is defined as the ratio between the correlation function and the variance of the smoothed overdensity field. In LCDM cosmologies not accounting for massive neutrinos, it has already been proved to be independent from bias and redshift space distortions on a range of linear scales. It therefore allows for a direct comparison of measurements (from galaxies in redshift space) to predictions (for matter in real space). In this paper we first extend the applicability of such properties of the clustering ratio to cosmologies that include massive neutrinos, by performing tests against simulated data. We then investigate the constraining power of the clustering ratio when cosmological parameters such as the total neutrino mass and the equation of state of dark energy are left free. We analyse the joint posterior distribution of the parameters that must satisfy, at the same time, the measurements of the galaxy clustering ratio in the SDSS DR12, and the angular power spectrum of temperature and polarization anisotropies of the CMB measured by the Planck satellite. We find the clustering ratio to be very sensitive to the CDM density parameter, but not very much so to the total neutrino mass. Lastly, we forecast the constraining power the clustering ratio will achieve with forthcoming surveys, predicting the amplitude of its errors in a Euclid-like galaxy survey. In this case, we find it is expected to improve the constraint at 95% level on the CDM density by 40% and on the total neutrino mass by 14%.

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M. Zennaro, J. Bel, J. Dossett, et. al.
Mon, 11 Dec 17
27/62

Comments: 17 pages, 12 figures

$J$-factors for self-interacting dark matter in 20 dwarf spheroidal galaxies [CEA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.03188


Dwarf spheroidal galaxies are among the most promising targets for indirect dark matter (DM) searches in $\gamma$-rays. The $\gamma$-ray flux from DM annihilation in a dwarf spheroidal galaxy is proportional to the $J$-factor of the source. The $J$-factor of a dwarf spheroidal galaxy is the line-of-sight integral of the DM mass density squared times $\langle \sigma_{\rm ann} v_{\rm rel} \rangle/(\sigma_{\rm ann} v_{\rm rel})0$, where $\sigma{\rm ann} v_{\rm rel}$ is the DM annihilation cross-section times relative velocity $v_{\rm rel}=|{\bf v}{\rm rel}|$, angle brackets denote average over ${\bf v}{\rm rel}$, and $(\sigma_{\rm ann} v_{\rm rel})0$ is the $v{\rm rel}$-independent part of $\sigma_{\rm ann} v_{\rm rel}$. If $\sigma_{\rm ann} v_{\rm rel}$ is constant in $v_{\rm rel}$, $J$-factors only depend on the DM space distribution in the source. However, if $\sigma_{\rm ann} v_{\rm rel}$ varies with $v_{\rm rel}$, as in the presence of DM self-interactions, $J$-factors also depend on the DM velocity distribution, and on the strength and range of the DM self-interaction. Models for self-interacting DM are increasingly important in the study of the small scale clustering of DM, and are compatible with current cosmological observations. Here we derive the $J$-factor of 20 dwarf spheroidal galaxies from stellar kinematic data under the assumption of Yukawa DM self-interactions. $J$-factors are derived through a profile Likelihood approach, assuming either NFW or cored DM profiles. We also compare our results with $J$-factors derived assuming the same velocity for all DM particles in the target galaxy. We find that this common approximation overestimates the $J$-factors by up to one order of magnitude. $J$-factors for a sample of DM particle masses, self-interaction coupling constants and density profiles are provided electronically, ready to be used in other projects.

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S. Bergstrom, R. Catena, A. Chiappo, et. al.
Mon, 11 Dec 17
42/62

Comments: 10 pages, 3 figures and 2 tables

Dark Energy and Modified Gravity in the Effective Field Theory of Large-Scale Structure [CEA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.02783


We develop an approach to compute observables beyond the linear regime of dark matter perturbations for general dark energy and modified gravity models. We do so by combining the Effective Field Theory of Dark Energy and Effective Field Theory of Large-Scale Structure approaches. In particular, we parametrize the linear and nonlinear effects of dark energy on dark matter clustering in terms of the Lagrangian terms introduced in a companion paper, focusing on Horndeski theories and assuming the quasi-static approximation. The Euler equation for dark matter is sourced, via the Newtonian potential, by new nonlinear vertices due to modified gravity and, as in the pure dark matter case, by the effects of short-scale physics in the form of the divergence of an effective stress tensor. The effective fluid introduces a counterterm in the solution to the matter continuity and Euler equations, which allows a controlled expansion of clustering statistics on mildly nonlinear scales. We use this setup to compute the one-loop dark-matter power spectrum.

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G. Cusin, M. Lewandowski and F. Vernizzi
Fri, 8 Dec 17
6/70

Comments: v1, 38 pages, 1 figure

Cosmological Constraints on Horndeski Gravity in Light of GW170817 [CEA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.02710


The discovery of the electromagnetic counterpart to GW170817 severely constrains the tensor mode propagation speed, eliminating a large model space of Horndeski theory. We use the cosmic microwave background data from Planck and the joint analysis of the BICEP2/Keck Array and Planck, galaxy clustering data from the SDSS LRG survey, BOSS baryon acoustic oscillation data, and redshift space distortion measurements to place constraints on the remaining Horndeski parameters. We evolve the Horndeski parameters as power laws with both the amplitude and power law index free. We find a 95% CL upper bound on the present-day coefficient of the Hubble friction term in the cosmological propagation of gravitational waves is 2.38, whereas General Relativity gives 2 at all times. While an enhanced friction suppresses the amplitude of the reionization bump of the primordial B-mode power spectrum at $\ell < 10$, our result limits the suppression to be less than 0.8%. This constraint is primarily due to the scalar integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect in temperature fluctuations at low multipoles.

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C. Kreisch and E. Komatsu
Fri, 8 Dec 17
30/70

Comments: 22 pages, 10 figures, comments welcome

Nonlinear Effective Theory of Dark Energy [CEA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.02782


We develop an approach to parametrize cosmological perturbations beyond linear order for general dark energy and modified gravity models characterized by a single scalar degree of freedom. We derive the full nonlinear action, focusing on Horndeski theories. In the quasi- static, non-relativistic limit, there are a total of six independent relevant operators, three of which start at nonlinear order. The new nonlinear couplings modify, beyond linear order, the generalized Poisson equation relating the Newtonian potential to the matter density contrast. We derive this equation up to cubic order in perturbations and, in a companion article, we apply it to compute the one-loop matter power spectrum. Within this approach, we also discuss the Vainshtein regime around spherical sources and the relation between the Vainshtein scale and the nonlinear scale for structure formation.

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G. Cusin, M. Lewandowski and F. Vernizzi
Fri, 8 Dec 17
36/70

Comments: v1, 33 pages, 1 figure

Nonlinear growth of structure in cosmologies with damped matter fluctuations [CEA]

http://arxiv.org/abs/1712.02742


We investigate the nonlinear evolution of structure in variants of the standard cosmological model which display damped density fluctuations relative to cold dark matter (e.g. in which cold dark matter is replaced by warm or interacting DM). Using N-body simulations, we address the question of how much information is retained from the initial linear power spectrum following the nonlinear growth of structure. We run a suite of N-body simulations with different initial linear matter power spectra to show that, once the system undergoes nonlinear evolution, the shape of the linear power spectrum at high wavenumbers does not affect the non-linear power spectrum, while it still matters for the halo mass function. Indeed, we find that linear power spectra which differ from one another only at wavenumbers larger than their half-mode wavenumber give rise to (almost) identical nonlinear power spectra at late times, regardless of the fact that they originate from different models with damped fluctuations. On the other hand, the halo mass function is more sensitive to the form of the linear power spectrum. Exploiting this result, we propose a two parameter model of the transfer function in generic damped scenarios, and show that this parametrisation works as well as the standard three parameter models for the scales on which the linear spectrum is relevant.

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M. Leo, C. Baugh, B. Li, et. al.
Fri, 8 Dec 17
47/70

Comments: 18 pages, 20 figures. LateX. Prepared for submission to JCAP