X-ray light curve in GRB 170714A: evidence for quark star? [HEAP]


Two plateaus and one following bump in the X-ray light curve of GRB 170714A have been detected by the Swift/X-Ray Telescope, which could be very meaningful for the central engine of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), implying that the origin of this burst might be different from that of other ultra-long GRBs. We propose that merging two neutron stars or quark stars (QSs) into a hyper-massive QS and then collapsing into a black hole (BH), with a delay time around $10^4$ s could be responsible for those X-ray components. The hyper-massive QS is initially in a fluid state, being turbulent and differentially rotating, but would be solidified and release its latent heat injected into the GRB fireball (lasting about $10^3$ s during the liquid-solid phase transition). Magnetic field as high as $\sim 10^{15}$ G could be created by dynamo action of the newborn liquid QS, and a magnetar-like central engine (after solidification) supplies significant energy for the second plateau. More energy could be released during a fall-back accretion after the post-merger QS collapses to a BH, and the X-ray bump forms. This post-merger QS model might be tested by future observations, with either advanced gravitational wave detectors (e.g., advanced LIGO and VIRGO) or X-ray/optical telescopes.

Read this paper on arXiv…

S. Hou, T. Liu, R. Xu, et. al.
Fri, 13 Oct 17

Comments: 5 pages, 1 figure, 1 table