The absence of a physically motivated model for large scale profiles of cosmic voids limits our ability to extract valuable cosmological information from their study. In this paper, we address this problem by introducing the spherically compensated cosmic regions, named CoSpheres. Such cosmic regions are identified around local extrema in the density field and admit a unique compensation radius $R_1$ where the internal spherical mass is exactly compensated. Their origin is studied by extending the peak model of Bardeen et al. (1986) and implementing the compensation condition. Since the compensation radius evolves as the Universe itself, $R_1(t)\propto a(t)$, CoSpheres behave as bubble Universes with fixed comoving volume. Using the spherical collapse model, we reconstruct their profiles with a very high accuracy until $z=0$ in N-body simulations. CoSpheres are symmetrically defined and reconstructed for both central maximum (seeding halos and galaxies) and minimum (identified with cosmic voids). We show that the full non linear dynamics can be solved analytically around this particular compensation radius, providing useful predictions for cosmology. This formalism highlights original correlations between local extremum and their large scale cosmic environment. The statistical properties of these spherically compensated cosmic regions and the possibilities to constrain efficiently both cosmology and gravity will be investigated in companion papers.
P. Fromont and J. Alimi
Fri, 15 Sep 17
Comments: 20 pages, 26 figures, submitted to MNRAS