http://arxiv.org/abs/1412.3413

We study the creation of high energy SM particles in the Starobinsky model of dark energy (a variant of F(R)-gravity) inside the regions contracting due to the Jeans instability. In this modification of gravity the additional degree of freedom — scalaron — behaves as a particle with mass depending on matter density. So when the mass changes light scalarons could be created at a non-adiabatic stage. Later scalaron mass grows and could reach large values, even the value of 10^{13} GeV, favored by early-time inflation. Heavy scalarons decay contributing to the cosmic ray flux. We analytically calculated the number density of created particles for the case of exponential (Jeans) contraction and found it negligibly small provided the phenomenologically viable and cosmologically interesting range of model parameters. We expect similar results for a generic model of F(R)-gravity mimicking cosmological constant.

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D. Gorbunov and A. Tokareva

Thu, 11 Dec 14

2/48

Comments: 11 pages; prepared for a special issue of JETP dedicated to the 60th birthday of Valery Rubakov

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