Optical & Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Observations of a New Sample of Distant Rich Galaxy Clusters in the ROSAT All Sky Survey [CEA]


Finding a sample of the most massive clusters with redshifts $z>0.6$ can provide an interesting consistency check of the $\Lambda$CDM model. Here we present results from our search for clusters with $0.6<z<1.0$ where the initial candidates were selected by cross-correlating the RASS faint and bright source catalogs with red galaxies from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey DR8. Our survey thus covers $\approx10,000\,\rm{deg^2}$, much larger than previous studies. Deeper follow-up observations in three bands using the William Herrschel Telescope and the Large Binocular Telescope were performed to confirm the candidates, resulting in a sample of 44 clusters for which we present richnesses and red sequence redshifts, as well as spectroscopic redshifts for a subset. At least two of the clusters in our sample are comparable in richness to RCS2-$J$232727.7$-$020437, one of the richest systems discovered to date. We also obtained new observations with the Combined Array for Research in Millimeter Astronomy for a subsample of 21 clusters. For eleven of those we detect the Sunyaev-Zel’dovich effect signature. The Sunyaev-Zel’dovich signal allows us to estimate $M_{200}$ and check for tension with the cosmological standard model. We find no tension between our cluster masses and the $\Lambda$CDM model.

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A. Buddendiek, T. Schrabback, C. Greer, et. al.
Thu, 11 Dec 14

Comments: 29 pages, 12 figures, submitted to MNRAS