New Evidence for Interacting Dark Energy from BOSS [CEA]

In this Letter we show that an interaction between dark matter and dark energy is favored by the most recent large scale structure observations. The result presented by the BOSS-SDSS collaboration measuring the baryon acoustic oscillations of the Ly-$\alpha$ forest from high redshift quasars indicates a $2.5\sigma$ departure from the standard $\Lambda$CDM model. This is the first time that the evolution of dark energy at high redshifts has been measured and the current results cannot be explained by simple generalizations of the cosmological constant. We show here that a simple phenomenological interaction in the dark sector provides a good explanation for this deviation, naturally accommodating the Hubble parameter obtained by BOSS, $H(z=2.34)=222 \pm 7 ~\mathrm{km~s^{-1}~Mpc^{-1}}$, for two of the proposed models with a positive coupling constant and rejecting the null interaction at more than $2\sigma$. For this we used the adjusted values of the cosmological parameters for the interacting models from the current observational data sets. This small and positive value of the coupling constant also helps alleviate the coincidence problem.

Read this paper on arXiv…

E. Abdalla, E. Ferreira, J. Quintin, et. al.
Wed, 10 Dec 14

Comments: 5 pages, 4 figures