CALIFA across the Hubble types: Spatially resolved properties of the stellar populations [GA]

We analyze the spatially resolved star formation history of 300 nearby galaxies from the CALIFA integral field spectroscopic survey to investigate the radial structure and gradients of the present day stellar populations properties as a function of Hubble type and galaxy stellar mass. A fossil record method based on spectral synthesis techniques is used to recover spatially and temporally resolved maps of stellar population properties of spheroidal and spiral galaxies with masses $10^9$ to $7 \times 10^{11}$ M$_\odot$. The results show that galaxy-wide spatially averaged stellar population properties (stellar mass, mass surface density, age, metallicity, and extinction) match those obtained from the integrated spectrum, and that these spatially averaged properties match those at $R = 1$ HLR (half light radius), proving that the effective radii are really effective.
Further, the individual radial profiles of the stellar mass surface density ($\mu_\star$), luminosity weighted ages ($< {\rm log}\,age>_L$), and mass weighted metallicity ($< \log Z_\star >_M$) are stacked in bins of galaxy morphology (E, S0, Sa, Sb, Sbc, Sc and Sd). All these properties show negative gradients as a sign of the inside-out growth of massive galaxies. However, the gradients depend on the Hubble type in different ways. For the same galaxy mass, E and S0 galaxies show the largest inner gradients in $\mu_\star$; while MW-like galaxies (Sb with $M_\star \sim 10^{11} M_\odot$) show the largest inner age and metallicity gradients. The age and metallicity gradients suggest that major mergers have a relevant role in growing the center (within 3 HLR) of massive early type galaxies; and radial mixing may play a role flattening the radial metallicity gradient in MW-like disks.

Read this paper on arXiv…

R. Delgado, R. Garcia-Benito, E. Perez, et. al.
Tue, 9 Dec 14

Comments: 8 pages, 5 figures. Highlights of Spanish Astrophysics VIII, Proceedings of the XI Scientific Meeting of the Spanish Astronomical Society held on September 8 – 12, 2014, in Teruel, Spain. A. J. Cenarro, F. Figueras, C. Herna\’andez-Monteagudo, J. Trujillo, and L. Valdivielso (eds.)