Discovery of a periodical apoastron GeV peak in LS I +61°303 [HEAP]

Aims. The aim of this paper is to analyse the previously discovered discontinuity of the periodicity of the GeV $\gamma$-ray emission of the radio-loud X-ray binary LS I +61{\deg}303 and to determine its physical origin. Methods. We used wavelet analysis to explore the temporal development of periodic signals. The wavelet analysis was first applied to the whole data set of available Fermi-LAT data and then to the two subsets of orbital phase intervals $\Phi = 0.0 – 0.5$ and $\Phi = 0.5 – 1.0$. We also performed a Lomb-Scargle timing Analysis. We investigated the similarities between GeV $\gamma$-ray emission and radio emission by comparing the folded curves of the Fermi-LAT data and the Green Bank Interferometer radio data. Results. During the epochs when the timing analysis fails to determine the orbital periodicity, the periodicity is present in the two orbital phase intervals $\Phi = 0.0 – 0.5$ and $\Phi = 0.5 – 1.0$. That is, there are two periodical signals, one towards periastron (i.e., $\Phi = 0.0 – 0.5$) and another one towards apoastron ($\Phi = 0.5 – 1.0$). The apoastron peak seems to be affected by the same orbital shift as the radio outbursts and, in addition, reveals the same two periods $P_1$ and $P_2$ that are present in the radio data. Conclusions. The $\gamma$-ray emission of the apoastron peak normally just broadens the emission of the peak around periastron. Only when it appears at $\Phi \approx 0.8 – 1.0$, because of the orbital shift, it is enough detached from the first peak to become recognisable as a second orbital peak, which is the reason why the timing analysis fails. Two $\gamma$-ray peaks along the orbit are predicted by the two-peak accretion model for an eccentric orbit, that was proposed by several authors for LS I +61{\deg}303.

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F. Jaron and M. Massi
Mon, 8 Dec 14

Comments: 7 pages, 4 figures, A&A (2014)