This work is dedicated to investigation of galaxies that do not fit into a common scenario of galaxy formation – isolated lenticular galaxies. We have studied stellar populations and ionized gas content of a sample of 22 lenticular galaxies (among those 4 targets have appeared to be of erroneous morphological classification) by undertaking deep long-slit spectroscopy with the Russian 6-m telescope and with the Southern African Large Telescope (SALT). The obtained average ages of the stellar populations in bulges and discs covers a wide range between 1.5 and >15 Gyr, that indicates the absence of distinct epoch of their stellar content formation. In contrast to galaxies in groups and clusters, the stellar population ages in bulges and discs of isolated lenticulars tend to be equal, that supports the inefficiency of the bulge rejuvenation in sparse environment. Almost all the lenses and rings possess intermediate ages of the stellar populations, within the range of 2-5 Gyr. By analyzing the emission-line spectra of galaxies, we have found that 13 out of 18 (72+/-11 %) objects of our sample possess extended emission-line structures; among those, 6 galaxies (46+/-14 %) demonstrate decoupled gas kinematics with respect to their stellar discs. We have found starforming off-nuclear regions in 10 galaxies; their gas oxygen abundances are nearly solar that implies tidal gas accretion from gas-rich dwarf satellites rather than accretion from cosmological large-scale structure filaments.
Tue, 18 Mar 14