A Sensitive Identification of Warm Debris Disks in the Solar Neighborhood Through Precise Calibration of Saturated WISE Photometry [SSA]


We present a sensitive search for WISE W3 (12um) and W4 (22um) excesses from warm optically thin dust around Hipparcos main sequence stars within 75pc from the Sun. We use contemporaneously measured photometry from WISE, remove sources of contamination, and derive and apply corrections to saturated fluxes to attain optimal sensitivity to >10um excesses. We use data from the WISE All-Sky Survey Catalog rather than the AllWISE release, because we find that its saturated photometry is better behaved, allowing us to detect small excesses even around saturated stars in WISE. Our new discoveries increase by 45% the number of stars with warm dusty excesses and expand the number of known debris disks (with excess at any wavelength) within 75pc by 29%. We identify 220 Hipparcos debris disk-host stars, 108 of which are new detections at any wavelength. We present the first measurement of a 12um and/or 22um excess for 10 stars with previously known cold (50-100 K) disks. We also find five new stars with small but significant W3 excesses, adding to the small population of known exozodi, and we detect evidence for a W2 excess around HIP96562 (F2V), indicative of tenuous hot (780 K) dust. As a result of our WISE study, the number of debris disks with known 10-30um excesses within 75pc (379) has now surpassed the number of disks with known >30um excesses (289, with 171 in common), even if the latter have been found to have a higher occurrence rate in unbiased samples.

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R. Patel, S. Metchev and A. Heinze
Mon, 17 Mar 14