ESO-H$α$~574 and Par-Lup3-4 Jets: Exploring the spectral, kinematical and physical properties [SSA]

In this paper a comprehensive analysis of VLT / X-Shooter observations of two jet systems, namely ESO-H$\alpha$ 574 a K8 classical T Tauri star and Par-Lup 3-4 a very low mass (0.13~\Msun) M5 star, is presented. Both stars are known to have near-edge on accretion disks. A summary of these first X-shooter observations of jets was given in a 2011 letter. The new results outlined here include flux tables of identified emission lines, information on the morphology, kinematics and physical conditions of both jets and, updated estimates of $\dot{M}_{out}$ / $\dot{M}_{acc}$. Asymmetries in the \eso flow are investigated while the \para jet is much more symmetric. The density, temperature, and therefore origin of the gas traced by the Balmer lines are investigated from the Balmer decrements and results suggest an origin in a jet for \eso while for \para the temperature and density are consistent with an accretion flow. $\dot{M}_{acc}$ is estimated from the luminosity of various accretion tracers. For both targets, new luminosity relationships and a re-evaluation of the effect of reddening and grey extinction (due to the edge-on disks) allows for substantial improvements on previous estimates of $\dot{M}_{acc}$. It is found that log($\dot{M}_{acc}$) = -9.15 $\pm$ 0.45~\Msun yr$^{-1}$ and -9.30 $\pm$ 0.27~\Msun yr$^{-1}$ for \eso and \para respectively. Additionally, the physical conditions in the jets (electron density, electron temperature, and ionisation) are probed using various line ratios and compared with previous determinations from iron lines. The results are combined with the luminosity of the [SII]$\lambda$6731 line to derive $\dot{M}_{out}$ through a calculation of the gas emissivity based on a 5-level atom model.

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E. Whelan, R. Bonito, S. Antoniucci, et. al.
Fri, 14 Mar 14