CoRoT 105906206: a short-period and totally eclipsing binary with a Delta Scuti type pulsator [SSA]

Eclipsing binary systems with pulsating components allow the determination of several physical parameters of the stars, such as mass and radius, that, when combined with the pulsation properties, can be used to constrain the modeling of stellar interiors and evolution. Hereby, we present the results of the study of CoRoT 105906206, an eclipsing binary system with a pulsating component located in the CoRoT LRc02 field. The analysis of the CoRoT light curve was complemented by high-resolution spectra from the Sandiford at McDonald Observatory and FEROS at ESO spectrographs, which revealed a double-lined spectroscopic binary. We used an iterative procedure to separate the pulsation-induced photometric variations from the eclipse signals. First, a Fourier analysis was used to identify the significant frequencies and amplitudes due to pulsations. Second, after removing the contribution of the pulsations from the light curve we applied the PIKAIA genetic-algorithm approach to derive the best parameters that describe the orbital properties of the system. The light curve cleaned for pulsations contains the partial eclipse of the primary and the total eclipse of the secondary. The system has an orbital period of about 3.694 days and is formed by a primary star with mass M1 = 2.25 +/- 0.04 solar masses, radius R1 = 4.24 +/- 0.02 solar radii, and effective temperature Teff1 = 6750 +/- 150 K, and a secondary with M2 = 1.29 +/- 0.03 solar masses, R2 = 1.34 +/- 0.01 solar radii, and Teff2 = 6152 +/- 162 K. The best solution for the parameters was obtained by taking into account the asymmetric modulation observed in the light curve, known as the O’Connell effect, presumably caused by Doppler beaming. The analysis of the Fourier spectrum revealed that the primary component has p-mode pulsations in the range 5-13 c/d, which are typical of Delta Scuti type stars.

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R. Silva, C. Maceroni, D. Gandolfi, et. al.
Thu, 13 Mar 14